Vitamin of PP (Nikoti new acid, Niacinum) Niacin 2936290000
Vitamin PP - Nicotinic acid (niacin, also a vitamin B 3 ) a vitamin involved in many oxidative reactions of living cells, a drug.
White crystalline odorless powder, slightly acidic taste. It is difficult to dissolve in cold water (1:70), preferably in hot (1:15), slightly soluble in ethanol, very little in ether.
Contained in rye bread, pineapple, buckwheat, beans, meat, mushrooms, liver, kidneys. Used in the food industry as food additive E375 (excluded from the list of permitted additives on the territory of Russia since August 1, 2008).
Animal products containing vitamin PP: beef liver, pork, cheese, fish , milk, eggs, kidneys, white chicken meat.
More plant sources: broccoli, carrots, potatoes, tomatoes, legumes, peanuts, dates, yeast, cereals, corn flour and sprouts wheat. Many herbs are rich in vitamin PP: sorrel, sage, burdock root, alfalfa, rose hips, catnip, red clover, cayenne pepper, gerbil, raspberry leaves, chamomile, peppermint, ginseng, horsetail, hops, eyebright, hay fenugreek, seed fennel, nettle, mullein, parsley, oats, dandelion.
In the human body, nicotinic acid can also be synthesized, provided that the essential amino acid tryptophan is present. There is enough of this acid in our body if there is always enough animal protein in the diet.
The value of these products is not the same - it depends on the form in which they contain vitamin PP. For example, legumes contain it in a form that the body can easily assimilate. Vitamin PP, found in cereals, and especially in corn, is practically indigestible, so in countries where corn is traditionally eaten, the incidence of pellagra may increase.
- Hypo- and vitamin deficiency PP: pellagra, prolonged stress, pregnancy (especially against the background of nicotine and drug dependence, multiple pregnancy), lactation period.
- Hyperlipidemia, including primary hyperlipidemia (types IIa, IIb, III, IV, V).
- Reduces the toxicity of neomycin and prevents the reduction in cholesterol and HDL levels induced by it.
- Ischemic disorders of cerebral circulation, obliterating diseases of the vessels of the extremities (obliterating endarteritis, Raynaud's disease), vasospasm of the vessels of the extremities, bile and urinary tract ; diabetic polyneuropathy, microangiopathy.
- Neuritis of the facial nerve, hypoacid gastritis, enterocolitis, colitis, long-term healing wounds and trophic ulcers.
|Day's dose||15-20 mgs.|